There are several different species of sandalwood trees, but the white sandalwood is the one used in perfumes because of its fragrant scent. This tree grows in southeastern Asia and the South Pacific, and it contains an aromatic oil that can be obtained through steam distillation.
The scent has been cherished since ancient times and smells warm, fresh and woody. Sandalwood oil is a popular ingredient in fragrances for both men and women, and it's also used to make candles, room fresheners and incense sticks. Sandalwood oil even has some therapeutic properties. It's antifungal, anti-inflammatory and has been used as an antidepressant. Because of its relaxing properties (research has shown that it slows brain waves) it's also frequently added to to massage oils.