Much like during an annual back-to-school physical, a physical examination is a big part of the pre-participation sports exam.
The physical exam conducted during a sports physical is basic compared to a full wellness exam and will usually include vision testing, plus height, weight, lung and abdomen checks. The doctor will also likely listen for heart murmurs or an irregular heartbeat, and test posture, flexibility and muscle strength. Males will have a genital and testicular exam. And if it's not up-to-date, expect a tetanus shot.
If everything looks normal, the doctor will sign a release form stating the athlete is cleared to participate in this season's sport.